%> Nevada Riches: The Land and People of the Silver State
Nevada Government & Politics
World War II & Post-War

Nevada Test Site

The Nevada Test Site is located northwest of Las Vegas.  It was established in 1950, during the Cold War, as the Nevada Proving Grounds.  It is a large site, 1,350 square miles, and is surrounded on three sides by the Nellis Air Force Range.  Nuclear testing began in 1952, but a Limited Test Ban Treaty in 1963 ended above ground testing at the Site.  Before the ban more than 1,100 nuclear tests were conducted at the Nevada Test Site.

The base camp for the site is located at Mercury, which is like a small town.  It contains housing, offices, laboratories, warehouses, a hospital, post office, fire station, and training facilities.

The Nevada Test Site is sometimes embroiled in controversy.  It is important to the general economy of southern Nevada, but many citizens don't want the continued presence of nuclear facilities in the state.

Photo Credit:
Nevada Historical Society